Medical aid in dying (MAID), sometimes termed physician aid in dying (PAID), refers to a medical practice in which patients suffering from a terminal illness with less than six months to live and who have decision-making capacity will have the option to request, and a physician may prescribe, life-ending medication for self-administration, provided specific requirements are met.
- the patient must request medical aid in dying 3 times over a period of at least 15 days, including one time in writing;
- two physicians must determine that the patient is mentally competent, has a terminal illness, and is likely to die within 6 months;
- the patient must undergo evaluation by a psychiatrist or psychologist if there is a question about mental capacity;
- the physician must meet with the patient alone to determine if there is coercion;
- the physician must inform the patient of alternatives, including hospice and palliative care; and
- no patient or health care provider is required to participate (including physicians, hospitals, nursing homes, pharmacists, etc.).